A Pacific Northwest native, Vine Maple heralds the arrival of autumn as its colors light up the forest. Best grown in clump form, it lends a pleasing accent to larger trees in a border planting and requires almost no care.
Our native yarrow is one of our most common prairie plants and can be found in both wet and dry prairies. It is quick to establish on restoration sites so is great to use for enhancement or on disturbed areas. This member of the carrot family attracts many different pollinators and beneficial insects making it an important habitat plant. It can have white to pink flowers, 1-2 ft.
Our columbine blooms from spring to early summer with intricate red and yellow flowers. Cut back for second bloom or leave chambered seed cups to attract seed-eating birds. A versatile landscape and garden plant - very attractive to pollinators. Sun to light shade.
Douglas's sagewort is a three-four foot perennial that forms a 3-4 foot wide patch and has the fragrance of sage. It is found on woodland edges, stream banks, ditch banks, road cuts or other disturbed areas. It also tolerates sand and seasonal flooding. The flowers are wind pollinated
Gorgeous sunflower! Multiple flowering stems provide spring blossoms. Found in upland prairies and rocky bald with our native Oregon White Oak. 2-3 ft tall. The seeds are a favorite of goldfinches returning from migration.
Chamisso sedge is natives to western North America and is found in many types of habitats. It can tolerate drier conditions than most of our native sedges. It grows in wet prairies but also on forest edges.
Among the largest of dogwoods, its best landscape merits are expressed in the Pacific Northwest. Excellent fall color, may repeat bloom. In mild winter areas, it is used as rootstock for exceptionally vigorous C. kousa hybrids.
Our native Willamette Valley shooting star adorns our wetland prairies in the spring with a splash of hot pink. Combined with common camas, the landscape in April resembles an impressionist painting. There are multiple flowers on top of 15 inch stems. The brown seed pods also add early summer interest when used in landscape plantings.
This tall (up to 5 feet in flower) perennial grass is native to many western states and does well in a variety of habitats. The flowers are in spikes with long awns and turn golden brown in our mid-summer prairies looking impressive as they wave in the breeze. This is not a dominant grass of our Willamette Valley prairies but an important component to add diversity to a site
A Pacific Northwest forest shrub, Salal's landscape potential is often overlooked. Shiny, long-lasting leaves, showy flowers and edible fruit. Low-maintenance landscape border. Prune low every 3-5 years.
The flowers seem to float above the greenery in the Willamette Valley, where it grows among taller grass. Our iridescent solitary bees are very common sight on the large purple-violet flowers that are presented over a long period; June through early July. 16" tall, 20" wide. Key nectar species for Fenders Blue Butterfly.
Bright yellow rosaceous flowers clustered in upper leaf axils, compound lobed leaves, 2-3 ft tall when in flower. Does very well in a garden setting often blooming again after deadheading. Native to wetlands, streambanks and woodland edges..
Although the flowers are not showy, this plant is a must for a restoration site due to attracting many, many species of native bumblebees. The slender flower stems produce flowers for weeks; increasing its value for pollinators. It is found in upland prairies and mixed woodlands.
The leaves are tough, dark, grass-like, and nearly evergreen on this showy iris. It blooms in a spectacular color range from almost white to purple and all hues of blue in between. It is clump forming, blooming April-May, it is only 14 in. tall. This is an excellent, easy, very drought tolerant garden plant that is used far too infrequently. Nectar species for Dusky Wing and, occasionally, Fenders Blue Butterfly.
This perennial lupine has deep-lavender flowers and widely lobed leaves that are tinged with purple. It grows a variety of habitats in the west. In the Willamette Valley it can be found in dry prairies and foothills. It will tolerate some woodland edge shade.
Upright evergreen shrub with spiny leaves. Native in the Northwest, it benefits from occasional pruning to keep foliage clean and diminish its tendency to become overgrown. Native Americans used the stems and roots to make a yellow dye.
Rusty popcorn flower is most often found in dry grasslands and open woodlands. In western Oregon, it can be found growing in rock outcrops with Oregon white oak and madrone and other annuals such as blue-eyed Mary and rosy plectritis creating quite a beautiful natural rock garden.
Rosy plectritis is an outstanding annual for restorations. Its bright pink flowers are attractive to numerous pollinators including spring butterflies. It grows best on thin soils of upland sites or in wet prairies with low competition from perennials. Key nectar species for Taylor's Checkerspot Butterfly.
Named to honor Nicholas Garry of the Hudson Bay Company, this is the climax species of the pre-1850s Willamette Valley oak savannah. We see occasional see remnants of these original trees, some of which measure more than 5 ft. through and exceed 300 yrs. old. These are truly heritage trees, having sheltered and fed the Calapooya Indians, who gathered acorns by the ton and processed them to make thick soup and flatbread.
This small-flowered native buttercup is known by the common names woodland buttercup and little buttercup. It is native to many parts of the west where it grows in wet prairies or wet, wooded habitat such as oak/ash woodland and forested streambanks. It often grows as a biennial.
Willow dock is native to many moist habitats throughout the west. Its habitat value in our native western Oregon prairies is not as a pollinator plant (it is wind-pollinated) but as a larval host-plant for butterflies such as the rare Great Copper. Restoration efforts are underway in the Willamette Valley to restore populations by providing both the nectar source, Grindelia integrifolia (gumweed), and the host-plant willow dock.
Scurf-pea is native to many parts of the west. It is a low, bushy perennial with pretty clusters of cream colored pea-flowers. It has deep, woody roots (rhizomatous) and grows on dry edges of woods and in upland prairies where it flowers in late-spring and summer. The flowers are attractive to many of our native bumblebees. The dark-green, leathery foliage persists into late summer along with the papery bracts of the seed heads making it an attractive bedding plant for wildlife gardeners. IT'S A HUMMING BIRD PLANT!
Oregon saxifrage grows in bogs, marshes, wet meadows and prairies throughout the west. It has fleshy roots that divide by off-sets and flowers that bloom April-May. Nectar species for Mylitta Cresent Butterfly.
Solidago lepida var. salebrosa (Western Goldenrod)
For both wildlife gardens and restorations, Western goldenroad provides late-summer sprays of yellow flowers with soft foliage that are important resources for butterflies and bees. It is rhizomatous often forming colonies so makes a good bedding plant (rhizomatous), 2-3 ft tall. Provides nectar for Black Hairstreak butterflies along willow riparian areas.
2-4 ft. shrub native across a broad swath in the upper latitudes of North America. Small pink flowers emerge in summer followed by white berries in the fall. Hummingbirds are attracted to the flowers. Its strong root system makes this shrub useful to control erosion on steep slopes of an embankment. Tolerates wet soils as well, so it is frequently used in riparian restoration. Used as an ornamental, easy to grow and gratifying with its persistent winter fruits. Occasionally head it back for best ornamental performance.
This early blooming species has delicate blue flowers nestled in tufts of dark green leaves. In a wildlife garden, the long-bloom period makes it a great bedding plant. Hookedspur violet is a used a both a nectar and larval host for a variety of butterflies. It does best on upland restoration sites where competition from invasive plants and grassy thatch are kept to a minimum. 4-8 inches tall.
This early-blooming species has deep yellow flowers and soft, fuzzy leaves. In a wildlife garden, the long-bloom period makes it a great bedding plant. It grows in moist to dry open woodlands and prairie where it attracts a variety of early pollinators. It does best on upland restoration sites where competition from invasive plants and grassy thatch are kept to a minimum. 8-10 inches tall.