Thriving on sunny, dry, low fertility soils, Needlegrass is valued for its soil stabilization and revegetating strengths. Named for its spike-like seeds. It could star in naturalized areas with little foot traffic or in a corner as a native ornamental grass. It is found on very dry, rocky sites in the west.
Native up and down the West Coast, with pale pink to white flowers this little onion is a cinch to grow. Native pollinators love the showy long lived flowers. Freely reseeding, large bunches of these flowers are colorful over 6 weeks. 8 in. tall. Key nectar species for Fenders Blue Butterfly.
Late-flowering lily with violet-purple, vase-shaped flowers in a loose umbel. Harvest brodiaea is found in wet prairies and vernal pools often with other members of the lily family such as camas, slim-leaved onion, and hyacinth brodiaea. 6-10" tall.
Camassia leichtlinii var. suksdorfii (Leichtlin's or Great Camas)
A robust spring-blooming perennial with bright blue flowers, our native camas once clothed Oregon valleys in waves of striking color. Settlement and agriculture over the past 150 years have pushed it to marginal small pockets in wetlands, roadsides, and areas unsuited to cropping. Two ft. tall in blossom. Occasional nectar species for Fenders Blue Butterfly.
With intensely blue, starry flowers in dense spikes in a carefree package the camas is a useful addition to gardens. It will gently reseed itself given light shade to full sun and some spring moisture. Dormancy starts in June so it is a great candidate for mixing with other perennials. 18 in. tall. Occasional nectar species for Fenders Blue Butterfly.
Chamisso sedge is natives to western North America and is found in many types of habitats. It can tolerate drier conditions than most of our native sedges. It grows in wet prairies but also on forest edges.
The leaves are tough, dark, grass-like, and nearly evergreen on this showy iris. It blooms in a spectacular color range from almost white to purple and all hues of blue in between. It is clump forming, blooming April-May, it is only 14 in. tall. This is an excellent, easy, very drought tolerant garden plant that is used far too infrequently. Nectar species for Dusky Wing and, occasionally, Fenders Blue Butterfly.
With dark green finely dissected leaves, this biscuitroot produces new growth in the fall and blooms in May with a seemingly never-ending supply of brilliant gold-yellow flowers. It produces an outstandingly beautiful show. It is drought resistant.
This low-growing pea has striking yellow flowers with white tips and is an integral part of our wet prairies. It is found mostly in vernal wet areas with other perennials such as Allium amplectens and Triteleia hyacinthina, and Dodecatheon pulchellum and annuals such as Plagiobothrys figuratus, and Mimulus guttatus.
Perideridia gairdneri ssp. borealis (Squawroot or Yampah)
This species of wild carrot is native to western North America and was an important and often a staple food plant for many Native American groups. In Western Oregon, it is found in both wet and dry prairies. The stems are very tall, but delicate often reaching 5 feet at peak flowering.
Fragrant popcorn flower is found in wet meadows/bogs and vernally wet areas. In vernal pools it puts on quite a show with other annuals such as showy downingia and monkey flower and perennials such as common camas, few-flowered shooting star and meadow trefoil. Occasional nectar species for Fenders Blue Butterfly.
We offer a mix of two key annual species of wet prairies and vernal pools. Fragrant popcorn flower and Scouler's popcornflower are often found together in these habitats. The growth habit of Scouler's popcorn is more prostrate that fragrant popcorn flower and has smaller flowers.
Rusty popcorn flower is most often found in dry grasslands and open woodlands. In western Oregon, it can be found growing in rock outcrops with Oregon white oak and madrone and other annuals such as blue-eyed Mary and rosy plectritis creating quite a beautiful natural rock garden.
Rosy plectritis is an outstanding annual for restorations. Its bright pink flowers are attractive to numerous pollinators including spring butterflies. It grows best on thin soils of upland sites or in wet prairies with low competition from perennials. Key nectar species for Taylor's Checkerspot Butterfly.
Curvpod yellowcress is found throughout the west in a variety of wet habitats. In our prairie habitats, it is found with other annuals in areas with low cover of other vegetation such as vernal pools. In mild winters, it can act as a biennial.
Scurf-pea is native to many parts of the west. It is a low, bushy perennial with pretty clusters of cream colored pea-flowers. It has deep, woody roots (rhizomatous) and grows on dry edges of woods and in upland prairies where it flowers in late-spring and summer. The flowers are attractive to many of our native bumblebees. The dark-green, leathery foliage persists into late summer along with the papery bracts of the seed heads making it an attractive bedding plant for wildlife gardeners. IT'S A HUMMING BIRD PLANT!
This annual can often overwinter as a perennial in mild winters. It can be found in a variety of wet habitats from meadows to vernal pools to bogs where other vegetation is sparse. It has delicate, finely dissected leaves with blue-green cast, flowers are green. Sanguisorba sp. are known for their high forage value for wildlife species.
Meadow deathcamas may have a bad rap for due to its toxicity to mammals but as a habitat plant for pollinators it is incredibly important. It grows in many habitats though out the west from dry sage-brush steppe to upland prairies. It has abundant star-like, cream-colored flowers bloom in late-spring and attract many species of bees. Death camas is unrelated to Camassia species which were an important food plant for Native Americans
This small annual is native to moist or wet areas of prairies. It can be distinguished from non-native Veronica species by its white flowers and stems that have linear leaves and glandular hairs. The non-native has blue flowers, shallowly lobed leaves, and no glandular hairs.